Each country will have its own traditional dress, also known as national dress. It shows the level of civilization, aesthetic tastes, spiritual life and fine customs of each country. Korean Hanbok is a Korean traditional clothing worn daily from about 100 years ago. Today, this type of traditional dress is only worn on holidays, special anniversaries and is the dress of the bride on the wedding day.
Historical studies have shown that clothing and culture often go hand in hand. Each country has a very distinct traditional costume. They represent the culture and soul of that country. Hanbok is a Korean traditional clothing, recognized by international friends and named as one of the most beautiful traditional costumes in the world. So let’s learn about Korean hanbok with Xinvisaquocte!
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What is Korean Hanbok?
First, let’s find out what Korean Hanbok is. Traditional Hanbok (Korean dress), also known as Chosŏn-ot. It is a type of traditional Korean clothing that dates back to the Joseon period. During that period, hanbok was the everyday Korean dress. People wear them and rely on the material to distinguish their status and rank. Just by looking at the clothes, it is possible to know what class that person belongs to, what job he or she does. However, today, Koreans only wear Korean traditional clothing on holidays, weddings or 60th birthday celebrations. Hanbok is a type of clothing that is in line with Korean tradition because of its discreet and elegant appearance.
Korean Hanbok – Associated with the history and development of the Korean country
The history of Korean Hanbok is associated with Korean history through many dynasties, from Rogoreo, Bacagia, Sila to the time of Caesar and to this day. In the past, Hanbok was the daily wear of the people of Kim Chi. Following the history with many changes, this costume has many changes. Hanbok is representative of the long-standing traditional values and culture of the Korean people.
Today, Koreans all own at least one set of Hanbok to wear on special occasions such as New Year’s Day, birthdays, weddings, etc. In addition, this costume is also worn in funerals and rituals. religion. Traveling to Korea, you should definitely not miss the opportunity to experience the feeling of wearing this extremely meaningful traditional costume.
Korean traditional clothing – The connection between heaven and earth
Koreans believe that man is created by the combination of heaven – earth, tree – wind, water – fire. From those factors, Hanbok was formed in a wonderful combination of nature. The dyed materials are completely from nature such as leaves, fruits and bark. Hanbok colors are harmonious, lively, and deep, multi-colored. Besides, the color of Korean Hanbok is always associated with the philosophy of yin and yang and the five elements according to the oriental concept.
Koreans believe that the lower part of the outfit belongs to the yin (female) character, while the upper part belongs to the yang (male). The most popular color gamut is blue, yellow, red, white and black, corresponding to the five elements according to the theory of the five elements: metal, wood, water, fire, and earth. Among them, white is the most popular color because it represents the integrity and purity of Korean people. Over a very long time, Hanbok remains intact, only colors and designs become more and more diverse. Korean Hanbok is not only a Korean traditional clothing, it is also a characteristic and representative of the spiritual life of the people of Kim Chi.
Structure of Korean Hanbok
Traditional female Hanbok consists of a jeogori top and a chima skirt (hence the name chima jeogori). Traditional Hanbok for men includes jeogori shirt and baji pants:
Jeogori is a long-sleeved shirt that covers the upper body, worn by both men and women. Jeogori consists of gil (body part), git (collar strip), dongjeong (collar) and gorem (tie).
The traditional skirt, also known as the outer layer of the skirt. The women of the Goguryo period wore chima up front and a jeogori over it, covered with a belt. The skirt is made from rectangular fabric with pleats and the belt helps the skirt wrap around the body.
Baji is a type of pants worn with jeogori for men. Baji has a spacious, soft, lightweight design so that the wearer can comfortably sit cross-legged on the floor.
is a type of vest while magoja is the name for a type of outerwear. Although jokki and magoja were created at the end of the Joseon Dynasty when Western culture began to influence Korea, these types of shirts are still considered part of Korean traditional clothing. Each of these tops is worn over jeogori for warmth and style.
without git, a fabric used to decorate collars and goreum (tie), different from jeogori and durumagi (cloak). Magoja was originally a men’s shirt, but later became a shirt for both sexes. The men’s magoja had a seop (string that covered the outside of the front) and was longer than the women’s magoja, leaving the sides of the bottom of the shirt open. Magoja is made of silk and decorated with one or two buttons which are usually made of amber. Men’s magoja, buttons are attached to the right side, as opposed to women’s magoja.
is the word for outerwear, for men from the Goryeo period to the Joseon period. Durumagi are different types of Po coats worn to keep out the cold. Po is worn in addition to jeogori and baji and is also known as jumagi, juchaui or juui.
In addition to two types of hanbok for women and men, Korean hanbok for children is also used a lot in the birth ceremony or the 1-year-old birthday party. Children’s hanbok also has the same texture as adult hanbok, but the colors are often more vibrant and textured.
What are Korean traditional clothing made of?
Before Western culture was introduced to Korea, there were very few choices of materials for making Korean Hanbok. Nobles often wore clothes made of hemp, patterned plain silk, and other high-grade lightweight materials. As for ordinary people, due to limited conditions and laws, cotton is the best and most popular choice.
After being influenced by foreign countries, Hanbok began to have great changes. Silk and linen were used as the main source of raw materials, and new styles of Hanbok began to appear, such as the Kwanbok (mandarin dress – dress for a mandarin). Accessories also began to be introduced and used more commonly.
Colors and textures on Korean Hanbok
The colors of Korean Hanbok also contain many special meanings. Koreans like to wear white or similar colors to show their status. The colors and designs of Hanbok are often designed to highlight the elegance of the wearer.
Korean Hanbok is dyed naturally, the color is absorbed into the fabric. For example, red color will be obtained from red petals, the extraction process is long and complicated requiring high precision and meticulousness. The color quality will be much different from other artificial dyes.
In terms of design, it is also a crystallization that blends creativity and human emotions. Each Hanbok design is in the form of a narrow top, a wide bottom, the shirt must be tight and the skirt must be wide and comfortable.
Classification of Korean Traditional Clothing
1. Children’s Korean Hanbok
Young Korean Hanbok attire consists of a long blue vest (cheonbok) worn over a durumagi shirt and accompanied by a black cap with a back band. Words and symbols related to the child will be embroidered on the fabric. Originally, this costume was only for boys of the aristocracy (yangban). Later, this costume was used for all classes and for girls, but the sewing pattern was different.
2. Women’s Korean Hanbok
Women’s Korean Hanbok with Chogori Original Design is hip-length and tied at the waist. By the end of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910), this style of shirt was only elbow-length with the front flap covering the chest. Dongchong is the border that helps highlight a woman’s neck. Like the men’s style, the dongchong is tied across the chest. Chima is a rectangular or tubular skirt with a ruched waistband. It is tied at the top of the chest with a long ribbon. This type of skirt covers the body, thus concealing a woman’s figure. This is due to the influence of Confucian society.
3. Men’s Korean Hanbok
The top of the Korean Hanbok for men is usually longer than that of women, and can extend down to the waist or lower. Like the women’s hanbok, the men’s hanbok also has a ribbon tied at the front. The original Baji pants had a narrow leg to facilitate riding and hunting. However, as farming developed, the trouser leg became wider to be suitable for farming. Wide leg pants also make the wearer more comfortable when sitting on the floor instead of narrow pants.
Today, Hanbok is focused and innovative by designers, always creating ethereal, luxurious and seductive beauty for women.
The meaning of Korean traditional clothing
Associated with many important milestones in the history of Hanfu’s founding, Korean Hanbok thus carries a very important meaning to the Korean people and has become a cultural symbol of this nation. Up to now, every Korean still owns at least one set of Hanbok to wear when traveling, going out or on holidays, important occasions, etc.
According to the traditional concept, the jeogori shirt is designed to be very spacious to represent the warmth and personality of the Korean people. Other types of clothing are also designed to express freedom and freedom.
Besides, the philosophy of yin – yang, balance of five elements is also thoroughly applied when designing Korean Hanbok. That is why the Hanbok usually has 5 main colors: yellow, white, red, black and blue. In particular, white is the most popular because according to Korean people, white symbolizes purity, innocence and integrity.
Characteristics of Korean Hanbok in modern life
In the past, when the state of class division was still heavy, in Korea, the materials, colors, and patterns of costumes were the basis for distinguishing social classes. Designers have also changed materials, textures, styles and colors a lot to enrich the choices for customers. The Korean Hanbok has so far retained its distinctive beauty and deep hidden meanings, but has been innovated to have more features that are more suitable for modern life. It is no longer that people with money can wear colorful clothes, made of silk, silk or high-class fabrics.
In modern times, anyone can wear traditional clothes of any material with any color and pattern they desire. The most important thing is that Hanbok has undergone a very unique revolution to serve the needs of the people, so that traditional costumes can become a permanent part of modern people’s lives.
How to wear Korean traditional clothing
– For female Korean hanbok, the white lining hanbok will be worn first and fixed with a lanyard. Then do the same with the main hanbok worn outside. When tying an otgoreum bow, special attention should be paid to tying it correctly and beautifully. The bow needs to be tied on the right hand of the wearer, must have a moderate softness to keep the feminine and flexible features of women. In particular, the fabric of the shirt must not be wrinkled and the chima skirt must keep the original folds and bulges.
– For men’s Korean hanbok, just like women, first put on the white lining baji first and then put on the jeogori. Then put on baji and durumagi outer layer. As for durumagi, just put it on and use a dalleyong or a big belt (usually someone with a position) to fix it. On the delleyong can hang more jade or string to decorate. If it’s a jeogori-like jacket, wear it similarly, the laces are usually tied to the right hand side.
What is more wonderful when traveling to Korea, you wear a Korean Hanbok and roam the streets full of poetry. Korea is always a great choice for those who are passionate about traveling and exploring. KOREAN TRADITIONAL CLOTHING